Exotic Ants : Biology, Impact, and Control of Introduced Species

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THERE IS A MYSTERY to be solved. Certain ants follow people. These “tramp” ants predictably are found in human habitations and areas of high human disturbance, but not in surrounding native habitats. For the past decade, I have been surveying the ant fauna of a rich Neotropical area (Costa Rica), and I constantly am amazed at the specificity and predictability of a handful of tramp species. I can spend person–years cataloging the diversity of a patch of rainforest and not find tramp species, yet I know that I can walk 20 m from the forest to a dining hall or laboratory and find them. These species are a myrmecologist's friends, because they allow me to impress people the world over with my knowledge. I can go to almost any tropical field station in the world, be it in Bolivia or Bali, look at the 1mm long ants running in the sugar bowl, and pronounce “Ah, Tapinoma melanocephalum (F.), I see.” God forbid they ask about the ants in the forest beyond!

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  • xiForeword
  • xiiiPreface
  • xvAcknowledgments
  • xviiEditorial Note
  • 11. The Galapagos Ant Fauna and the Attributes of Colonizing Ant Species
  • 112. Distribution and Impact of Alien Ants in Vulnerable Hawaiian Ecosystems
  • 233. Characteristics of Tramp Species
  • 444. Coexisting Patterns and Foraging Behavior of Introduced and Native Ants (Hymenoptera Formicidae) in the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)
  • 635. Perspectives on Control of the Little Fire Ant (Wasmannia Auropunctata) on the Galapagos Islands
  • 736. Food Searching Behavior and Competition Between Wasmannia Auropunctata and Native Ants on Santa Cruz and Isabela, Galapagos Islands
  • 807. The Ecology of Wasmannia Auropunctata in Primary Tropical Rainforest in Costa Rica and Panama
  • 918. Relations Between the Little Fire Ant, Wasmannia Auropunctata, and Its Associated Mealybug, Planococcus Citri, in Brazilian Cocoa Farms
  • 1049. Biology and Importance of Two Eucharitid Parasites of Wasmannia and Solenopsis
  • 12110. Impact of Paratrechina Fulva on Other Ant Species
  • 13311. The Ecology and Distribution of Myrmicaria Opaciventris
  • 15112. Exotic Ants and Community Simplification in Brazil: A Review of the Impact of Exotic Ants on Native Ant Assemblages
  • 16313. Spread of Argentine Ants (Linepithema Humile), with Special Reference to Western Australia
  • 17414. Ant Pests of Western Australia, with Particular Reference to the Argentine Ant (Linepithema Humile)
  • 18115. Ant Fauna of the French and Venezuelan Islands in the Caribbean
  • 19116. Exotic Ants and Native Ant Fauna of Brazilian Hospitals
  • 19917. Big-Headed Ants, Pheidole Megacephala: Interference with the Biological Control of Gray Pineapple Mealybugs
  • 20618. The Impact and Control of the Crazy Ant, Anoplolepis Longipes (Jerd.), in the Seychelles
  • 21919. Control of the Little Fire Ant, Wasmannia Auropunctata, on Santa Fe Island in the Galapagos Islands
  • 22820. Foraging of the Pharaoh Ant, Monomorium Pharaonis: An Exotic in the Urban Environment
  • 24021. Impact of the Invasion of Solenopsis Invicta (Buren) on Native Food Webs
  • 25922. Impact of Red Imported Fire Ants on the Ant Fauna of Central Texas
  • 26923. Impact of the Red Imported Fire Ant on Native Ant Species in Florida
  • 28224. Control of the Introduced Pest Solenopsis Invicta in the United States
  • 29325. Biological Control of Introduced Ant Species
  • 309About the Book and Editor
  • 311List of Contributors
  • 315Taxanomic Index
  • 323Subject Index


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